History of Sewing Machines

by on 01/08/2011

Elias Howe 1846 Sewing Machine

A sewing machine is a textile machine used to stitch fabric, cards and other material together with thread. Sewing machines were invented during the first Industrial Revolution to decrease the amount of manual sewing work performed in clothing companies. Since the invention of the first working sewing machine, generally considered to have been the work of Englishman Thomas Saint in 1790,[1] the sewing machine has vastly improved the efficiency and productivity of fabric, clothing industries,needle industries.

In the early 1800s, clothing was made by hand. Families sew their pants, shirts, dresses, blankets and anything else they needed with a needle and thread. In 1846 Elias Howe patented the first sewing machine and the rest is history.

Needle plate, foot and transporter of a sewing machine

Home sewing machines are all similar—designed for one person to manually sew individual items while using a single stitch type. Modern sewing machines are designed in such a way that the fabric easily glides in and out of the machine without the hassle of needles and thimbles and other such tools used in hand sewing, automating the process of stitching and saving time.

Industrial sewing machines, by contrast, are larger, faster, more complex, and more varied in their size, cost, appearance, and task.

The fabric shifting mechanism may be a workguide or may be pattern-controlled (e.g., jacquard type). Some machines can create embroidery-type stitches. Some have a work holder frame. Some have a workfeeder that can move along a curved path, while others have a workfeeder with a work clamp. Needle guards, safety devices to prevent accidental needle-stick injuries, are often found on modern sewing machines.  Read More

Technorati Tags: ,

Leave a Comment

{ 1 trackback }

Next post: